Dockwra, William

Dockwra, William
SUBJECT AREA: Metallurgy
d. 1716
English merchant; manufacturer of copper, brass, wire and pins.
William Dockwra established a penny postal system in London in 1683. He was appointed Comptroller of the Penny Post in 1697, but following enquiries into his activities he was dismissed on charges of maladministration. In the early 1690s he was heading a partnership with premises at Esher, formerly the brassworks of Jacob Momma. Brass was made there and both brass and copper sheet was manufactured by water-powered rolling mills, at a time when such techniques were new to England. Wire was drawn and used for pinmaking on the premises, making this the first comprehensive works of its kind. Dockwra was involved in a further partnership based at Redbrook on the Wye in Gloucestershire, where copper was smelted by John Coster using new coal-fired reverberatory furnaces. It was from there that the Esher works received its copper for brassmaking and other manufacturing processes. Following his dismissal as Comptroller of the Penny Post, Dockwra's fortunes declined. By the early years of the eighteenth century he had withdrawn from his involvement in manufacturing, no longer being included in either of his former partnerships, although their work continued.
Further Reading
J.Day, 1973, Bristol Brass: A History of the Industry (puts Dockwra's manufacturing activities in context).
J.Houghton, 1697, Husbandry and Trade Improv'd (a contemporary account of Dockwra's industrial activities).

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Dockwra — was an English entrepreneur who created the first penny post. He was born in the City of London, the son of an armourer, and was baptised on 26 April 1635. He was the uncle of Mary Davies, whose dowry of Mayfair and other lands near London would… …   Wikipedia

  • Dockwra — This interesting surname of English origin with variant spellings Dockray, Dockerey, Dockwray, Dockeray, Dockwra etc., is a locational name from Dockray in Cumberland, deriving from the old Norse dokk meaning a hollow, valley or the old English… …   Surnames reference

  • Лондонская пенни-почта — англ. London Penny Post Почтовый штемпель …   Википедия

  • Docwra — Docwra, also with spelling Dockwra, Dockwray, Dockray and other variants, is a surname, and may refer to: Henry Dockwra, 1st Baron Dockwra (c. 1568–1631) Theodore Dockwra, 2nd Baron Dockwra (c. 1609–1647) Thomas Docwra Tracy Dockray William… …   Wikipedia

  • Докрей, Уильям — Уильям Докрей англ. William Dockwra (Dockwray) Род деятельности: английский предприниматель, организатор пенни почты Дата рождения: 1635 год …   Википедия

  • Докрей — Докрей, Уильям Уильям Докрей William Dockwra (Dockwray) Предприниматель, организатор пенни почты …   Википедия

  • Докрей У. — Уильям Докрей William Dockwra (Dockwray) Предприниматель, организатор пенни почты Дата рождения: 1635 …   Википедия

  • Докрей Уильям — Уильям Докрей William Dockwra (Dockwray) Предприниматель, организатор пенни почты Дата рождения: 1635 …   Википедия

  • Уильям Докрей — William Dockwra (Dockwray) Предприниматель, организатор пенни почты Дата рождения: 1635 …   Википедия

  • penny post — (formerly) any of various postal systems delivering mail for a penny a letter. [1670 80] * * * ▪ postal service       private postal service created by the London merchant William Dockwra in 1680. All letters and packets up to one pound in weight …   Universalium

  • postal system — System that allows persons to send letters, parcels, or packages to addressees in the same country or abroad. Postal systems are usually government run and paid for by a combination of user charges and government subsidies. There are early… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”